General rules for carrying baggage on board an aircraft

1. First you need to make sure of the serviceability and integrity (the absence of any kind of cuts and cracks) of suitcases or bags, which will be registered by you in separate places, so as to exclude the damage of their belongings and neighboring baggage during their transportation.
For reliability, you can wrap your luggage yourself in cellophane tape. The same procedure can be made already directly at the airport for a small fee.

2. Each airline has its own rules, which set the weight and size of checked baggage and unregistered (hand luggage). If you exceed any of the parameters, you will have to pay extra.

3. You should remember the list of things that are strictly forbidden to carry on board the aircraft. Neither in luggage, nor in hand luggage.

You can not equip your luggage and carry-on luggage

Total luggage weight and carry-on luggage

Things and items that are allowed to be transported directly to the passenger cabin of the aircraft are called hand luggage, which is often transported in small bags.
Naturally, the purpose of these restrictive measures is to ensure an adequate level of safety for the aircraft and its passengers throughout the flight.

 For this reason, most airlines are banned from transporting in hand luggage items such as:
In addition, there are some restrictions on the transport of liquids in hand luggage, such as:
According to the rules, it is allowed to transport the listed liquids and substances in a set of hand luggage only in small quantities (up to 100 ml) and exclusively in sealed packages (more precise data are provided by the specific airline that provides services to you). Exceptions include baby food and liquid medicines, which are to be used in flight. Liquids and goods purchased in the duty-free shops ("Duty Free") also fall under the exceptions.

As for the weight of luggage and hand luggage, there are also certain limits. For hand luggage, the weight range ranges from 7 to 15 kg for 1 seat. For luggage, the permissible weight on average is 20-30 kg.

There is also a list of items and things that a passenger has the right to carry with him free of charge in the cabin of the aircraft, even if they exceed the allowed weight limits (20 kg) of unpaid baggage:
Items from the list are not labeled, weighed and are not presented for registration.

Concerning the transportation of non-standard and oversized items, such as, for example, musical instruments, sports equipment and others not included in any of the lists, it is necessary to contact the representatives of the airline in advance.

As can be seen from all written, baggage transportation is a rather complicated process, and, in order to avoid problems, it is better to take care of all the measures and requirements in advance.